Cavenham Heath is part of the Brecks, of which a lot of the area would have been like in years gone by. Much of that habitat has now been lost so Cavenham is a remnant of that particular habitat of heathland and acid grassland. It is an important site and is designated a National Nature Reserve and a Site of Special Scientific Interest. The heath is next to the River Lark where it becomes wet grassland and fen and is surrounded by Birch woodland. Adjacent to the site is Cavenham Pit where there is sand extraction and this attracts wildfowl and waders.
As well as a good site for Breckland speciality birds such as Woodlark and Nightjar, it is known for it’s interesting wild plants and Adders can often be encountered, especially in Spring. Cavenham is also an excellent place to see post-breeding congregations of Stone-curlew. Occasionally in winter months birds like Hen Harrier and Great Grey Shrike may inhabit the area. The river is a good place to see Kingfisher and Grey Wagtail, while viewing the pits from the footpath may hold Pochard and Tufted Duck and passage waders like Little Ringed Plover, Green and Common Sandpipers. Black-necked Grebe has also occurred on the pit.
Bird species: (Summer) Woodlark, Nightjar, Stone-curlew. (Winter) Hen Harrier, Great Grey Shrike. (All year) Grey Wagtail, Kingfisher, Buzzard, Little Owl.
Directions: Situated between the villages of Icklingham and Tuddenham, access is from either village. At Icklingham park by Temple Bridge, then follow footpath over river to visit the site. At Tuddenham, off High Street, a rough track passes through the site, with parking at the entrance near the wood and further down by Temple Bridge.